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50+ Advanced SEO Interview Questions and Answers | Digital Partners

50 Advanced SEO Interview Questions and Answers


Welcome to our comprehensive guide on advanced SEO interview questions and answers! In today’s competitive digital landscape, mastering SEO is crucial for anyone aspiring to excel in the field of digital marketing. Whether you’re preparing for an interview or seeking to enhance your skills, understanding advanced SEO concepts is essential.

In this blog, we’ll delve into over 50 advanced SEO questions and provide detailed answers to help you build a solid foundation in search engine optimization. But that’s not all! If you’re looking to kickstart your career in digital marketing, Digital Partners is here to guide you.

What is SEO?

SEO stands for search engine optimization. It’s a way to make your website or content show up higher in search engine results, like Google. By using certain keywords, creating good content, and getting other websites to link to yours, you can improve your SEO and get more people to find and visit your site. So basically, SEO helps your website get noticed more easily on the internet.

Why is SEO important?

SEO, or Search Engine Optimization, is important because it helps your website show up higher in search engine results. When people search for something online, they usually only click on the first few links that appear. So, if your website isn’t near the top, it might not get noticed. Good SEO helps improve your website’s visibility, driving more traffic to it, which can lead to more customers or visitors. Essentially, it’s about making sure your website is easily found by people who are looking for what you offer.

How do you measure SEO success?

  • Traffic: See if more people are visiting your site from search engines. If yes, it’s a good sign.
  • Rankings: Check if your website is showing up higher in search results for important keywords. The higher it ranks, the better.
  • Conversions: Look at whether the people coming from search engines are doing what you want them to do, like buying something or signing up for your newsletter.
  • Backlinks: See if other websites are linking to yours. Quality links from reputable sites can boost your SEO.
  • User Engagement: Check if people are spending time on your site, clicking around, and not leaving right away. This shows that they find your content useful.

By keeping an eye on these things, you can tell if your SEO efforts are paying off.

What is an HTML sitemap?

An HTML sitemap is a page on a website that lists all the important links to different pages of that website. It’s like a map that helps visitors find their way around the site easily. Instead of just showing a list of links, an HTML sitemap is designed to be user-friendly, making it easier for people to navigate the website and find what they’re looking for.

What is crawling?

Crawling is like when a search engine, like Google, sends out little programs called spiders or bots to look at websites on the internet. These spiders go through web pages, following links from one page to another, and they gather information about what’s on those pages. This information helps search engines understand what each website is about, so when you search for something online, the search engine can show you the most relevant websites.

Explain what organic results are

Organic results are the listings you see when you type something into a search engine like Google and hit enter. They’re called “organic” because they’re not paid for. Instead, they’re ranked by the search engine’s algorithm based on how relevant they are to what you searched for. So basically, organic results are the natural, unpaid listings that show up in search engine results pages.

What are canonical URLs?

Canonical URLs are like signposts for search engines, showing them the preferred version of a webpage when there are multiple versions that are similar. They help search engines understand which version of a page is the original or main one to show in search results, avoiding confusion and ensuring the right page gets credit for its content.

What are meta tags?

Meta tags are snippets of text that describe a web page’s content. They don’t appear on the page itself, but they provide important information to search engines about what the page is about. This helps search engines understand and categorize the page properly. Common types of meta tags include meta titles, meta descriptions, and meta keywords.

What is a search engine?

A search engine is like a huge library that helps you find information on the internet. When you type something into a search engine like Google or Bing, it looks through millions of web pages and shows you the ones that are most relevant to what you searched for. It’s like a super-fast librarian that finds exactly what you’re looking for among all the information on the web.

What is SERP?

SERP stands for “Search Engine Results Page.” It’s the page you see after typing something into a search engine like Google. It shows a list of websites that the search engine thinks are the most relevant to your search.

How will you optimize a URL?

Optimizing a URL for SEO is important for helping search engines understand what your webpage is about and improving its chances of ranking higher in search results. Here are some simple steps to optimize a URL:

  • Use Keywords: Include relevant keywords in the URL that reflect the content of the page. Keep it concise and descriptive.
  • Keep it Short and Simple: Short URLs are easier to read and remember. Avoid long and complicated URLs.
  • Use Hyphens: Use hyphens (-) to separate words in the URL instead of underscores or spaces. This makes the URL more readable for both users and search engines.
  • Avoid Stop Words: Remove unnecessary words like “and”, “but”, “the”, etc., from the URL to keep it focused on the main keywords.
  • Include Target Location (If Applicable): If your website targets specific locations, consider including location keywords in the URL to improve local SEO.
  • Avoid Dynamic Parameters: Try to avoid using dynamic parameters in the URL, as they can make the URL look messy and difficult for search engines to crawl.
  • Use Lowercase Letters: Stick to lowercase letters in the URL to maintain consistency and avoid confusion.
  • Ensure Readability: Make sure the URL is easy to understand at a glance. It should give users a clear idea of what to expect when they click on it.

By following these steps, you can create optimized URLs that improve your website’s visibility and rankings in search engine results.

What are backlinks?

Backlinks are like paths from other websites leading to your site. They’re links that other sites put on their pages, directing people to yours. These links are super important for SEO because search engines like Google see them as votes of confidence for your site. The more quality backlinks you have, the more trustworthy and authoritative your site looks, which can help it rank higher in search results.

What is long-tail keyword?

A long-tail keyword is a longer and more specific phrase that people use when searching online. Unlike short and general keywords, long-tail keywords are more targeted and help narrow down search results to exactly what someone is looking for. For example, “best hiking boots for wide feet” is a long-tail keyword, while “hiking boots” is a shorter, more general keyword.

What is RankBrain?

RankBrain is a smart computer program created by Google to help understand and process search queries better. It uses artificial intelligence to learn from user interactions and improve search results over time. Basically, it helps Google figure out what you’re looking for, even if you don’t type the exact words.

Explain domain authority

Domain authority is a measure of how much trust and credibility a website has on the internet. It’s determined by various factors like the number of quality backlinks a site has, its age, and its overall reputation. Websites with higher domain authority are more likely to rank well in search engine results. It’s like a popularity score for websites on the internet.

What is local SEO?

Local SEO is all about optimizing your online presence to attract more customers from your local area. It involves making sure your business appears in local search results when people nearby search for products or services like yours. This includes things like having a Google My Business listing, getting good reviews from local customers, and making sure your website is optimized for local keywords. Basically, it helps people in your area find and choose your business over others.

What are on-page SEO and off-page SEO?

  • On-page SEO is all about optimizing elements on your website to improve its search engine rankings. This includes things like using relevant keywords in your content, optimizing title tags and meta descriptions, improving website speed, and ensuring your site is mobile-friendly.
  • Off-page SEO, on the other hand, involves activities done outside your website to boost its visibility and credibility. This includes getting backlinks from other reputable sites, engaging on social media platforms, and building relationships with influencers. Off-page SEO helps search engines understand that your site is valuable and trustworthy.

What are SEO-friendly URLs?

SEO-friendly URLs are website addresses that are designed to be easy for search engines to understand and for users to remember. They typically include keywords related to the content of the page, making it clear what the page is about. For example, a non-SEO-friendly URL might look like this: “,” while an SEO-friendly URL might look like this: “” These URLs can help improve a website’s ranking in search engine results because they provide relevant information to both search engines and users.

Explain the difference between DA and PA.

  • Domain Authority (DA) is a measure of how well a website is likely to rank on search engine result pages. It takes into account factors like the number of quality backlinks pointing to the entire domain and the overall trustworthiness of the domain.
  • Page Authority (PA), on the other hand, focuses on the ranking potential of a specific page on a website. It considers factors like the number and quality of backlinks pointing directly to that particular page and the relevance of the content on that page to the search query.

Name some popular SEO tools.

  • Google Analytics: Helps track website traffic and user behavior.
  • Google Search Console: Provides insights into your website’s performance in Google search results.
  • SEMrush: Offers keyword research, competitor analysis, and site auditing.
  • Ahrefs: Helps with backlink analysis, keyword research, and site auditing.
  • Moz Pro: Provides tools for keyword research, rank tracking, and site auditing.
  • Yoast SEO: A WordPress plugin that helps optimize content for search engines.
  • Screaming Frog: Crawls websites to identify SEO issues like broken links and duplicate content.
  • SpyFu: Offers competitor analysis and keyword research tools.
  • Ubersuggest: Provides keyword research and SEO analysis features.
  • SEOptimer: Offers website auditing and optimization recommendations.

Distinguish between a dofollow link and a nofollow link.

A “dofollow” link tells search engines to follow the link and consider it when ranking websites. It can help boost a website’s search engine ranking. On the other hand, a “nofollow” link tells search engines not to follow the link or give it any weight in ranking. Nofollow links are often used for links that you don’t want search engines to consider, such as sponsored links or user-generated content.

What is keyword stuffing?

Keyword stuffing is when someone puts too many keywords into their website’s content unnaturally. This can make the content hard to read and can even get the website penalized by search engines. It’s important to use keywords in a natural and relevant way to avoid keyword stuffing.

What is NAP?

NAP stands for Name, Address, and Phone number. It’s really important for local businesses because search engines like Google use this info to verify and rank businesses in local search results. Keeping your NAP consistent across all online platforms helps improve your local SEO and makes it easier for customers to find you.

Define the bounce rate.

The bounce rate is a measure in SEO that shows the percentage of visitors who come to a website and leave without clicking on anything or interacting with the site. It’s like someone walking into a store and then immediately leaving without looking around or buying anything. A high bounce rate can indicate that visitors aren’t finding what they’re looking for or that the website isn’t engaging enough.

What are internal links?

Internal links are links on a website that point to other pages within the same website. They help users navigate around the site and also help search engines understand the structure and hierarchy of the site’s content.

For example, if you’re reading an article about “10 Tips for Better SEO” on a website, and within that article, there’s a link to another page on the same website that explains “How to Optimize Images for SEO,” that link is an internal link.

What is robots.txt?

Robots.txt is a text file that tells search engines which pages or files on a website they’re allowed to crawl and index. It’s like a set of instructions for search engine robots, letting them know what they’re allowed to access and what they should avoid. This file helps control how search engines interact with your website and can affect your site’s visibility in search results.

What is Google Search Console or the Webmaster tool?

Google Search Console, previously known as Google Webmaster Tools, is a free tool provided by Google that helps website owners monitor and manage their site’s presence in Google search results. It provides valuable insights into how Google sees your site, including which pages are indexed, how often your site appears in search results, and any issues Google encounters while crawling or indexing your site. It also allows you to submit sitemaps, monitor search traffic, check for mobile usability issues, and receive alerts about critical site issues. Overall, it’s a crucial tool for optimizing your site’s performance in Google search.

What is image alt text?

Alt text, short for “alternative text,” is a description added to an image on a webpage. It’s used to explain what the image is about for people who can’t see it, like those who are visually impaired or when the image doesn’t load properly. Alt text is important for accessibility and also helps search engines understand what the image is showing, which can improve the website’s SEO.

What is CTR?

CTR stands for Click-Through Rate. It’s a measure that tells you how often people click on a link or ad compared to how many times it was shown to them. For example, if your website link shows up in search results 100 times and 10 people click on it, your CTR would be 10%.

What are white-hat SEO and black-hat SEO?

  • White-hat SEO involves using ethical and legitimate tactics to improve a website’s search engine ranking. This includes creating quality content, optimizing keywords, and building organic backlinks. It focuses on long-term results and follows search engine guidelines.
  • Black-hat SEO, on the other hand, employs deceptive and manipulative techniques to achieve quick but unsustainable rankings. This may include keyword stuffing, cloaking, and buying links. Black-hat methods violate search engine guidelines and can result in penalties or even banning from search engine results. It’s a risky approach that prioritizes short-term gains over the website’s long-term reputation.

What is schema markup?

Schema markup is a type of code that you put on your website to help search engines understand what your content is about. It uses a special language that provides extra information about things like events, products, reviews, and more. This helps search engines show your website in a better way in search results, like with rich snippets or knowledge panels. Basically, it’s like giving search engines a little extra help to understand your website’s content.

What is Google Analytics?

Google Analytics is a tool made by Google that helps you track and analyze the visitors to your website. It gives you info like how many people visit your site, where they come from, what they do on your site, and much more. It’s super helpful for understanding your audience and how your website is performing.

What is mobile-first indexing?

Mobile-first indexing is when Google predominantly uses the mobile version of a website’s content to determine its ranking in search results. This means Google looks at how well a site works and looks on mobile devices like smartphones and tablets, and then uses that information to decide how high the site should appear in search results for both mobile and desktop users. So, if your website isn’t optimized for mobile, it might not rank as well in Google search results.

What is a Disavow tool?

The Disavow tool is something you can use if you think some links pointing to your website might be hurting your search engine rankings. It lets you tell search engines not to count those links when assessing your site’s ranking. It’s like saying, “Hey, I don’t want these links to be considered when you’re deciding how good my website is.”

What are the types of SEO?

  • On-page SEO: This focuses on optimizing individual web pages to rank higher and earn more relevant traffic in search engines. It involves factors like optimizing content, meta tags, headings, URL structure, and internal linking.
  • Off-page SEO: This involves activities done outside of your website to improve its search engine rankings. It includes building backlinks from other websites, social media marketing, and influencer outreach.
  • Technical SEO: This involves optimizing the technical aspects of your website to improve its search engine visibility. It includes improving site speed, fixing crawl errors, optimizing for mobile devices, and ensuring proper indexing of your site by search engines.

What’s the difference between on-page and off-page SEO?

On-page SEO refers to optimizing elements on your website itself, like content, HTML code, and site structure, to improve its search engine rankings. Off-page SEO, on the other hand, involves actions taken outside of your website, like link building and social media marketing, to boost your site’s visibility and authority. So, on-page is about what’s on your site, while off-page is about what’s happening elsewhere but still affects your site’s ranking.

What is an outbound link?

An outbound link is a hyperlink on a webpage that directs users to another website or webpage. It’s like a signpost that points you to another destination on the internet when you click on it.

What are meta tags? Name the important ones and their character limits?

Meta tags are pieces of code in the HTML of a webpage that provide information about the page’s content. They’re important for SEO because search engines use them to understand what a page is about. Here are some important meta tags:

  • Title Tag: This is the title of the webpage that appears in search engine results. It should be descriptive and relevant to the page content. Character limit: around 50-60 characters.
  • Meta Description Tag: This provides a brief summary of the webpage’s content. It’s often displayed below the title in search engine results. Character limit: around 150-160 characters.
  • Meta Keywords Tag: This used to be important for SEO, but now it’s not given much weight by search engines. However, some still use it. Character limit: There isn’t a specific limit, but it’s recommended to keep it concise and relevant.
  • Meta Robots Tag: This tag tells search engines whether to index the page, follow links on the page, or both. It’s used to control how search engines crawl and index a webpage.

What is a landing page?

A landing page is a webpage that someone “lands” on after clicking a link, advertisement, or search result. It’s designed for a specific purpose, like getting people to sign up for a newsletter, buy a product, or fill out a form. Landing pages usually have a clear call-to-action and are optimized to convert visitors into customers or leads.

What makes an HTML sitemap different from an XML sitemap?

An HTML sitemap is designed for humans to easily navigate a website, like a table of contents. It’s a webpage listing all the links to different pages on a site, organized in a hierarchical manner for easy browsing.

On the other hand, an XML sitemap is made for search engines. It’s a file that provides information to search engine crawlers about the organization and structure of a website. It lists URLs along with additional metadata like when the page was last updated, how important it is, etc. This helps search engines index the site more efficiently.

How to remove toxic links from a site?

Removing toxic links from a website is important for maintaining a healthy SEO profile. Here’s a simple guide:

  • Identify Toxic Links: Use tools like Google Search Console, Moz’s Link Explorer, or SEMrush to find toxic links pointing to your site. Look for links from spammy or irrelevant websites.
  • Contact Website Owners: Reach out to the owners of the websites hosting toxic links. Politely ask them to remove the links. Provide specific details about the URLs of the toxic links and where they are located on their site.
  • Disavow Links: If you can’t get the toxic links removed manually, use Google’s Disavow Tool. Create a list of the toxic links you want to disavow and submit it to Google. This tells Google not to consider those links when assessing your site’s ranking.
  • Monitor Regularly: Keep an eye on your backlink profile regularly to identify any new toxic links. This allows you to address them promptly and maintain a clean link profile.

How Do You Check Whether A URL Is Indexed By Google?

To check if a URL is indexed by Google, you can follow these simple steps:
1) Go to
2) In the search bar, type “site:” followed by the URL you want to check (without any spaces).
3) Press Enter.

How Do You Block A URL From Being Indexed?

To block a URL from being indexed, you can use a tool called robots.txt file. This file tells search engines which pages they can and cannot index. You just need to add the URL you want to block to the robots.txt file with a specific command. This tells search engines not to crawl or index that URL.

What is Technical SEO?

Technical SEO involves optimizing your website’s infrastructure and backend elements to improve its search engine visibility and usability. It includes tasks like improving website speed, fixing broken links, optimizing site architecture, implementing structured data markup, and ensuring proper indexing by search engines. Essentially, it’s about making sure your website is set up in a way that search engines can easily crawl, understand, and index its content.

Why is site speed important for SEO?

Site speed is important for SEO because it affects how quickly your website loads when people visit it. If your site takes too long to load, visitors might get frustrated and leave, which can hurt your SEO rankings. Search engines like Google also consider site speed when determining how high to rank your website in search results. So, having a fast-loading website can help improve your SEO and make your site more user-friendly.

How can you make a website mobile-friendly for SEO?

  • To make a website mobile-friendly for SEO, you can follow these steps:

1) Responsive Design: Use a responsive website design that adapts to different screen sizes and devices automatically. This ensures that your site looks good and works well on mobile devices.

2) Mobile-Friendly Layout: Simplify your layout for smaller screens. Make sure text is easy to read without zooming, and buttons are easy to tap.

3) Optimize Images: Compress images to reduce loading times on mobile devices. Large images can slow down your site, which can hurt your SEO.

4) Use Mobile-Friendly Fonts: Choose fonts that are easy to read on smaller screens. Avoid small font sizes or fancy fonts that may be difficult to read on mobile devices.

5) Minimize Pop-ups: Avoid using pop-ups that cover the main content on mobile devices. Google penalizes sites that use intrusive pop-ups on mobile.

6) Optimize Page Speed: Improve your website’s loading speed on mobile devices. This can be done by minimizing code, using browser caching, and optimizing images.

7) Mobile-Friendly Navigation: Make sure your navigation is easy to use on mobile devices. Use clear labels and a simple menu structure that works well with touch screens.

8) Test on Multiple Devices: Test your website on different mobile devices and browsers to ensure compatibility and usability.

What is schema markup and how does it benefit SEO?

Schema markup is a type of code you put on your website to help search engines understand what your content is about. It’s like giving search engines extra clues about your site’s content so they can show it more accurately in search results. This can help improve your SEO because it makes it easier for search engines to understand and rank your site’s content properly. So, in simple terms, schema markup helps search engines help people find your website more easily.

How does SSL impact SEO?

SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) impacts SEO in a positive way. When a website has SSL, it means the connection between the user’s browser and the website server is secure. Google considers website security as a ranking factor, so having SSL can boost your website’s SEO. It also helps build trust with users because they know their information is safe when they visit your site. So, SSL is important for both SEO and user trust.

How can you improve crawlability for SEO?

  • Improving crawlability for SEO means making it easier for search engines like Google to find and understand your website’s content. Here are some simple ways to do that:

1) Create a Sitemap: A sitemap is like a roadmap for search engines. It lists all the pages on your site, helping search engines find and index them more efficiently.

2) Optimize Your URL Structure: Use clear, descriptive URLs that include relevant keywords. This helps both users and search engines understand what each page is about.

3) Internal Linking: Link to other pages within your website where it makes sense. This helps search engines discover new pages and understand the relationship between different parts of your site.

4) Use Robots.txt: This file tells search engine bots which pages they should or shouldn’t crawl. Make sure it’s properly configured to allow access to important pages and block access to irrelevant ones.

5) Fix Broken Links: Broken links can disrupt the crawling process. Regularly check and fix any broken links on your site to ensure smooth navigation for both users and search engines.

6) Optimize Page Load Speed: Faster-loading pages are more likely to be crawled and indexed quickly. Optimize your website’s performance by reducing image sizes, using browser caching, and minimizing unnecessary code.

7) Mobile-Friendly Design: Ensure your website is responsive and mobile-friendly. With Google’s mobile-first indexing, having a mobile-friendly site is crucial for crawlability and ranking.

What is Google Sandbox?

The Google Sandbox is like a waiting room for new websites. When a new website is made, Google might not rank it highly right away. Instead, it puts it in the sandbox for a while. During this time, the website’s ranking might stay low or fluctuate. This period gives Google time to check if the website is trustworthy and has good content before ranking it higher. It’s like a probation period for new websites.


In conclusion, mastering SEO is a pivotal step towards becoming a proficient digital marketer. With Digital Partners‘ comprehensive digital marketing course in Pune, you’ll gain access to over 45 modules covering various facets of digital marketing. Our industry expert trainers conduct online and offline classes in small batches, ensuring individual attention. Plus, you’ll have hands-on experience with over 40 digital marketing tools and complete over 60 live project assignments. Whether you’re a job seeker or an aspiring freelancer, our program guarantees 100% job placement assistance. Don’t miss this opportunity to elevate your digital marketing career with Digital Partners!