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General SEO Interview Questions for Freshers


Are you gearing up for an SEO interview? Whether you’re a fresh graduate stepping into the world of digital marketing or someone looking to switch careers, preparing for an SEO interview requires understanding the fundamental concepts and techniques in search engine optimization. In this blog, we’ll delve into some commonly asked SEO interview questions to help you ace your next interview.

What is SEO?

SEO stands for Search Engine Optimization. It’s a process of optimizing your website to increase its visibility and ranking on search engine results pages (SERPs). The ultimate goal of SEO is to drive organic (non-paid) traffic to your website by improving its relevance and authority in the eyes of search engines like Google.

On-page Activity vs. Off-page Activity

On-page activities involve optimizing individual web pages to improve their search engine rankings. This includes optimizing content, meta tags, headings, and images. Off-page activities, on the other hand, focus on building external signals such as backlinks to your website, social media engagement, and online reputation management.

What is GMB?

GMB stands for Google My Business. It’s a free tool provided by Google that allows businesses to manage their online presence across Google, including Search and Maps. Having a verified GMB listing can significantly improve your local search visibility and attract more customers to your business.

What is a Sitemap and its Types?

A sitemap is a file that lists all the pages of your website to help search engines crawl and index them more efficiently. There are two main types of sitemaps: XML sitemaps, which are primarily for search engines, and HTML sitemaps, which are designed for human visitors to navigate a website more easily.

Importance of Backlinks in SEO

Backlinks are crucial for SEO because they serve as a vote of confidence from other websites. Search engines like Google consider backlinks as a signal of trust and authority, and websites with high-quality backlinks tend to rank higher in search results.

SERP Page and 5 Search Engine Names

SERP stands for Search Engine Results Page, which is the page displayed by search engines in response to a user’s query. Some popular search engines besides Google include Bing, Yahoo, Baidu, Yandex, and DuckDuckGo.

Title and Meta Description Character Limit in SEO

In SEO, it’s essential to optimize your title tags and meta descriptions within certain character limits to ensure they display correctly on SERPs. Generally, the recommended character limit for titles is around 50-60 characters, and for meta descriptions, it’s around 150-160 characters.

What is Domain Authority?

Domain Authority (DA) is a metric developed by Moz that predicts how well a website will rank on search engine results pages. It’s based on factors such as the number and quality of backlinks pointing to a website, as well as other factors like website age and content quality.

Important Google Ranking Factors

Some important Google ranking factors include website relevance, content quality, backlink profile, website speed, mobile-friendliness, user experience, and security (HTTPS).

What is a Long Tail Keyword?

A long tail keyword is a specific and typically longer keyword phrase that users are more likely to use when they’re closer to making a purchase or completing a specific task. Long tail keywords usually have lower search volumes but higher conversion rates.

What is Bounce Rate?

Bounce rate refers to the percentage of visitors who navigate away from a website after viewing only one page. A high bounce rate can indicate that visitors are not finding what they’re looking for or that there are issues with the website’s usability or relevance.

What is robots.txt?

Robots.txt is a text file that instructs search engine crawlers which pages or sections of a website should be crawled or not crawled. It’s used to control search engine access to different parts of a website and is essential for managing crawl budget and preventing indexing of sensitive or duplicate content.

SEO Tools

Some popular SEO tools that are regularly used by professionals include Google Analytics, Google Search Console, SEMrush, Moz, Ahrefs, Screaming Frog, and Yoast SEO.


Backlinks are incoming links from one website to another. They are essential for SEO because they serve as a signal of trust and authority to search engines, helping websites rank higher in search results.

Preparing for an SEO interview can be daunting, but with a solid understanding of these fundamental concepts and techniques, you’ll be well-equipped to tackle any questions that come your way. Good luck!

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